The Role of Dynamic Dark Pools in Ponzi Schemes Masquerading as Securitized Loan Pools

The bottom line is that there are no financial transactions in today’s securitization schemes. There is only fabricated paper. If you don’t understand the DDP, you don’t understand “securitization fail,” a term coined by Adam Levitin.

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THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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I received a short question today to which I gave a long answer. The question is “What happens when an investor decides that he or she wants to cash it in does someone redeem their certificate ?”

Here is my answer:

YES they get paid, most of the time. It is masked as a “trade” on the proprietary trading desk of the CMO Dept. which is completely unregulated and reports nothing. As long as the Ponzi scheme is going strong, the underwriter issues money from the investor pool of money (dynamic dark pool -DDP). It looks like a third party bought the “investment.” If the scheme collapses then the underwriter reports to investors that the market is frozen and there are no buyers.

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There is no redemption because there are no certificates. They are all digital entries on a server. Since the 1998 law deregulated the certificates, reporting is limited or nonexistent. The entries can be changed, erased, altered, amended or modified at will without any regulator or third party knowing. There is no paper trail. Thus the underwriter will say, if they were ever asked, whatever suits them and there is no way for anyone to confirm or rebut that. BUT in discovery, the investors have standing to ask to see the records of such transactions. That is when the underwriter settles for several hundred million or more.
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They discount the settlement based upon “market” values and by settling for pennies on the dollar with small community banks who do not have resources to fight. Thus if they received $2 billion for a particular “securitized pool” that is allocated to a named trust they will instantly make about 10-20 times the normal underwriting fee by merely taking money before or after the money hits the DDP. Money is paid to the investors as long as sales of certificates are robust. Hence the DDP is constantly receiving and disbursing money from many more sources than a fixed group of homeowners or investors.
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It is all about gaps and absences. If a debt was properly securitized, the investor would pay money to the underwriter in exchange for ownership of a certificate. The money would then be subject to fees paid to the underwriter and sellers of the certificates. The balance would be paid into a trust account on which the signatory would be a trust officer of the Trustee bank.
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If a scheme is played, then the money does not go into the trust. It goes to the DDP. From there the money is funneled through conduits to the closing table with the homeowner. By depositing the exact and expected amount of money into the trust account of the closing agent, neither the closing agent nor the homeowner understands that they are being played. They don’t even have enough information to arouse suspicion so that they can ask questions.
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Hence if you combine the proper securitization scheme with the improper one you see that the money is diverted from the so-called plan. This in turn causes the participants to fabricate documents if there is litigation. They MUST fabricate documents because if they produced real documents they would have civil and criminal liability for theft, embezzlement in investor litigation and fraud and perjury in foreclosure litigation.
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It is only by forcing a peek around the multiple layers of curtains fabricated by the players that you can reveal the absence of ownership, authority or even an economic interest — other than the loss of continued revenue from servicing and resales of the same loan through multiple investment vehicles whose value is completely derived from the presumed existence of a party who is the obligee of the debt (owner of the debt, or creditor).
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That party is the DDP — fund that is partially authorized for “reserve” and which the prospectus and trust instrument (PSA) state (1) that the mortgage loan schedule is not the real one and is presented as an example and (2) that the investors acknowledge that they might be paid from their own money from the “reserve.”
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The gap is that the DDP and the reserve are two different accounts. The “reserve” is a pool of money held in trust by, for example, U.S. Bank as trustee for the trust. There is no such account. The DDP is controlled by the underwriter but ownership is intentionally obscured to avoid or evade detection and the liability that would attach if the truth were revealed.
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We win cases not by proving theft from investors but by hammering on the fact that the documents are fabricated, which is true in virtually all cases involving a named trust. We will win a large award if we can show that the intended beneficiaries of the foreclosure were parties other than the obligee on the debt.
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Thus the attorneys, servicers and trustee are protecting their ill-gotten gains and seeking to grab more money and property at the expense of the unnamed investors and homeowners. They are then transforming an expected revenue stream into the illusion of a secured debt owed not to the funding sources but to the intermediaries.
Go to LENDINGLIES for more help.

OK, We Fabricated and Forged the Documentation. So What?

As Bill Paatalo (who brought this to my attention) says: “You can’t make this s–t up.” Reality is much stranger than fiction. This marks the point where we have entered the Twilight Zone in law where the rule of law is just a guidepost not to be confused with the real rule of men.

Sheila Bair  was forced out of the Chairmanship of the FDIC by Geithner when it became obvious that this was a game she was unwilling to play. Even worse she was making her opposition public, essentially saying that the government was becoming complicit in a criminal conspiracy (not her exact words, publicly but evidence suggests she said exactly that to Geithner and probably Obama).

Let us help you plan your discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.
Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.
Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).
https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!
THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.
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seeFOIA Request Reveals Servicer’s “Justification” for Fraud In Fabricating Limited Power of Attorney from FDIC

FACTS as admitted by the Servicer: They fabricated and forged documents to create a chain of title. They justified it on grounds that it would be cost prohibitive to get a title report and then request or demand execution of affidavits and other documents that would clear up the presently fatally defective chain of title. The present title shows that they have no legal ownership or other interest in the loan. The fabrication and forgery is just an efficient way to change title, such that it reflects the self proclaimed interests of parties who wish to enter the foreclosure arena.

If you don’t see what is wrong with that, I don’t know why you are reading this article.

By the same logic Homeowners could do the same thing — fabricate and forge satisfactions of mortgage, with one minor exception, to wit: Homeowners go to jail for such activities whereas banks continue to suck the lifeblood out of the American and indeed the world economy.

And THIS is why, according to all legal doctrine until the securitization era began, no party to litigation was entitled to a legal presumption of facts when they had engaged in patterns of conduct in which they had forged, fabricated or otherwise attempted to use self-serving documents that were neither official documents nor otherwise credible. The fact that presumptions continue to be used shows just how much the courts have thrown themselves behind a political decision rather than coming to legal decisions.

Presumptions are simply procedural gimmicks to assume in evidence that which is obvious and credible. Up until now they were not used, nor was their use affirmed on appeal, when the facts assumed were not obvious and subject to doubt as to credibility.

There is no workaround on that — it is in every book, treatise, article and case decision on evidence — until now. Where there was any doubt about whether the “presumption” depended upon a self serving document prepared for trial, the simple fall back position, never reversed on appeal, was that the party seeking to apply legal presumptions in proving their case, had to prove the facts without the presumptions.

So this “explanation” of bad behavior made right might be reframed like this: “It’s not economical for us to try you for murder so we are just going to presume you did it.” There is a simple fix to this obvious breach of due process: force the state to actually prove each fact instead of relying on presumptions or assumptions. That is all we ask — make the foreclosing party prove each element and each fact of their case.

Try a due process pilot program as if due process was just a suggestion. Force the foreclosers to prove each element and each fact of their case. If any of them win based upon actual facts that prove the convergence of the money trail and the paper trail then fine, keep presuming that the foreclosers are entitled to a presumption. But if they can’t prove that the way everyone had to before the mortgage meltdown, then they should lose the right to prove liability by legal presumption and lose the right to prove damages by legal presumption.

Remember even in a default situation they still must prove actual damages. Spoiler alert, they can’t. They have no person or entity that they can point to and say “Yes, they are the obligee of the debt and we represent them.”

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Definition of Obligee:

The individual to whom a particular duty or obligation is owed.

The obligation might be to pay a debt or involve the performance or nonperformance of a particular act.

The term obligee is often used synonymously with creditor.

Definition of Obligor:

The individual who owes another person a certain debt or duty.

The term obligor is often used interchangeably with debtor.

Vulture Firms: The Last Step in a Chain of Illegal Paper, with the Debt Long Gone

The key element of the paper strategy has been to create the illusion of transfers of assets, thus supporting the erroneous narrative that with all those parties purchasing the loans, a lot of due diligence MUST have been done and therefore the screaming defense of homeowners (attacking ownership) is nothing but a dilatory stall tactic.

What is consistently missed, even by people who are completely fed up with the banks and regulatory agencies that have given a wink and nod at plainly fraudulent practices, is that the only “asset” is the paper, and that the debt itself has never moved. In a true securitization the debt would indeed be transferred. But all claims of securitization of debt that are based upon CLAIMS of ownership rather than the ownership itself are groundless. Thus neither Vulture Firms nor any of their predecessors ever owned the debt.

This is why we have lawyers go to law schools. Such convoluted schemes are not easily deciphered without experts and lawyers. Lawyers understand the distinction between the debt, the note and the mortgage. But lawyers forget and lay people never knew about the distinction. It isn’t technical. It is all about keeping transactions on paper honest.

And right now nearly all of the hundreds of millions of documents are being used around the world to foreclose, or support the sale of the paper note and mortgage and derivatives based upon the value of those millions of documents containing false recitations and inferences of fact.

So borrowers, whether their payments (to the wrong party) are “current” or not, like the one in the story found in the link below are stuck in the very place that legislators and regulators have said could never happen in a legal mortgage lending situation: no knowledge about the identity of the obligee of the debt. Foreclosure defense lawyers who win cases punch holes in the foreclosure case simply by knowing they are not dealing with anyone who owns the debt nor anyone who is representing the obligee in the underlying debt (i.e., the real world).

Let us help you plan your discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.
Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.
Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).
https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!
THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.
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Hat tip Eric Mains and Bill Paatalo

see Vulture Firms Must Clean Up the Mess

So people ask me the obvious question, to wit: “If the paper didn’t transfer the debt because the seller, assignor or endorser never owned the debt, where is the debt now?”

The answer is simpler than you might imagine. The only two parties are the obligor (the person who took the money) and the obligee (the person who gave the money). The current obligee (owner of the debt) in most instances is a group of investors who are beneficiaries of multiple paper trusts that have never existed nor been active. THAT is why you never see any assertion that the debt has been purchased.

No money has exchanged hands in any of the transfers except in the case of vulture firms who pay fractions of a cent on the dollar for the paper. They don’t buy the debt because the seller of the paper doesn’t own the debt.

The one simple law school issue taught repeatedly in several classes — Contracts, Bills and Notes etc. — is that the debt arises no from paper but from action. There is no debt if there is no money exchanged between the parties claiming to be part of the transaction.

The debt arises by operation of law without  and even despite the existence or nonexistence of any written instruments — virtually all of which are subject to hearsay objections and lacking in factual foundation, to wit: an actual transaction in the real world in which reciprocal consideration was exchanged between the obligor and the obligee.

If the written instrument recites or assumes that the parties to the instrument are in fact identical to the parties to the real world transaction, then the parties to the debt would be identical to the parties on the written instrument. So keep this in your bonnet while you are planning defense strategy: at some point, usually at origination, a debt was created, separate and distinct from the recitals on the note and mortgage.

If the written instrument recites or assumes that the parties to the instrument are in fact identical to the parties to the debt, but the recital or assumption is untrue. Assumptions and presumptions are based upon one singular doctrine — they are used for judicial economy only where the the presumption clearly is true and where no contest to the presumption is introduced by the defense.

If the defense asserts and gives some argument or evidence that is inconsistent with the presumed “fact,” then the burden shifts back to the party who claimed the benefit of the presumption — i.e. they must prove the real world transaction that was being presumed. There is no prejudice to forcing such a party to prove the fact that they wished to be presumed — unless they were lying to begin with.

 

Evidence and Forensic Reports

Every once in a while it is helpful for the consumer to realize that a non lawyer giving advice or opinions about legal matters is like going to a nail salon for a medical opinion, or worse, treatment.
There is a simple test for hiring a  purported forensic investigator: Are they in close touch with attorneys who understand the law and how to apply the law, particularly the laws and rules of Evidence? If not, steer clear of them as they will lead you down a rabbit hole.
Let us help you plan your narrative and strategy: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.
Register now for Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar.
Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).
https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!
THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.
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At our upcoming webinar this Friday, 2/16 at 1PM, we explore not only discovery and the actual rules of evidence, but also what constitutes facts that could be admitted into evidence — and cross examination or trial objections that prevent or remove information from being considered as evidence proving the truth of the matter being asserted.

Some of those facts that could be used as evidence or “anti-evidence” (information that removes the foundation or credibility for evidence admitted) come from the court filings but many of them come from forensic investigators whose task is to report on facts that tend to prove gaps in the narrative of the foreclosing party. At the Webinar will be two forensic investigators whose work I support because they understand the difference between facts and the law.

It is challenging for forensic investigators to refrain from  giving opinions on legal matters. But in order for their report to be taken seriously and in order for the conclusions to be persuasive, forensic investigators need to refrain from expressing conclusions of law. If not, they will be ripped to shreds on the witness stand where their credibility will sink to zero. Keep in mind that the report is not evidence nor will it ever be admitted into evidence without authentication and foundation from a live witness (the author).

It is interesting that I frequently come under attack from non lawyers who are constantly trying to steer people to forensic investigative reports that apparently ignore the standards for issuing such reports — because they pretend to be knowledgeable about the law and they offer legal advice and commentary which is the unauthorized practice of law.

Their reports are inevitably half baked and favor the banks by discounting the best defenses and offensive plays for a homeowner in favor of strategies that will almost certainly fail. Which in turn leads to the question: Why are non lawyers polluting the discussion with pro-bank obfuscation?

Even more interesting is that bank lawyers who have published articles about rescission and foreclosure defenses assume that rescission and foreclosure defenses based upon standing and such are valid. Indeed even the most biased courts recognize that standing is the root of their jurisdiction. Without standing the court cannot do anything other than dismissing the vacating the foreclosure complaint or sale. And winning on standing is far from simply delaying the inevitable.

“Mortgage examinations” in lieu of getting advice from a licensed attorney is legal suicide. But there are some entrepreneurs selling exactly that. Slick talking is not replacement for 3 years of law school, internship, and experience in the practice of law. So when I get something like this it worries me that anyone might read or believe it:

What’s wrong with foreclosure pretense defense attorneys all over Florida?  Why to they hang their hats on standing issues that serve only to delay the inevitable, predictable, and proper loss of the borrower’s home to justified foreclosure?
If all those lawyers who “get it” (meaning get the scheme of bilking clients for the privilege of losing their house for them) were to get mortgage examinations done for their clients and thereby find numerous causes of action underlying the loan transaction, then they would have something worthwhile to bring to the court instead of dilatory standing issues.
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The question is basically a cynical dud advanced by the banks. Foreclosure defense lawyers are not pretending anything. They are doing the best they can with what they are getting paid. Standing is not just important in terms defeating the current foreclosure action. It is also important in preventing future ones, and important for collateral damage cases based in wrongful foreclosure, interference in business relations, emotional distress and potentially punitive damages.
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As thousands of homeowners can attest, when they won on standing and the servicer and so-called mortgagee or beneficiary has painted themselves into a corner, the scales have tipped very much in favor of the homeowner. The banks do not have a ready option to submit different paperwork and pursue the second foreclosure — although it has been done. The only reason why successor foreclosures are successful is default. Homeowners, exhausted by the first round simply give up and walk away or settle for cash for keys or modification.
Your money is much better spent on licensed attorneys rather than unlicensed, uneducated, untrained lay people whose only exposure consists of presenting false challenges to real lawyers — except where those investigators are working at the direction of or in support of some lawyer. Their reports are no substitute for a lawyer who understands and uses objections and the art of cross examination to bring the factual findings to life.
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Many lay “entrepreneurs” have attempted to lure me into a “debate” so that they can raise themselves on the radar to put out more useless reports. Every once in a while it is helpful for the consumer to realize that a non lawyer giving advice or opinions about legal matters is like going to a nail salon for a medical opinion, or worse, treatment.

 

 

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