Hawai’i Appellate Court Strikes at the Root of Fraudulent Foreclosures: HSBC Deutsch and PNC Crash and Burn

This decision, although not yet for publication, brings us another step closer to exposure to the largest economic crime in human history. Every lawyer should read it more than once in its entirety. It contains the arguments and the narrative for most successful defense strategies against fraudulent foreclosures.

Fundamental to understanding why foreclosures are fraudulent and why most borrowers should prevail is an examination of how the banks and servicers attempt to paper over the absence of (a) ownership of the debt and the failure to identify the owner and (b) any evidence of an actual nexus with the supposed contract they are seeking to enforce — in the absence of anyone else claiming the right to enforce. Their entire premise rests on bank control of who knows about the subject debt.

That void is what produced this decision and the decisions around the country in discovery, in motions (especially motions for summary judgment), and at trial that have been in favor of homeowners and then buried under settlements restricted by the seal of confidentiality —- thousands of them.

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Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.

Get a Consult and TERA (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 954-451-1230 or 202-838-6345. The TERA replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).

GO TO WWW.LENDINGLIES.COM OR https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!

THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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See HSBC, Deutsch, PNC adv Felicitas Moore, Intermediate Court of Appeals, Hawai’i

Hat Tip to Da Goose and Awesome Order on Failure of Qualified Witness and Documents

Special kudos to Hawai’i Dubin Law Offices, representing the homeowner.

Whether this case will stand up to further appeal is a question that can only be answered by time. But I think that it will and that this case, like many in the past few weeks and months, is striking at the achilles heal of fraudulent foreclosures. It is worthy of study because it does much of the research and analysis for you. It is not binding in any other state and may not be binding even in Hawai’i, since it is currently designated as “not for Publication.”

If I were to write an article detailing the many fine points raised by this appellate court, it would be a book. So read the article and look for the following points:

  1. The existence and administration of the books and records of the supposed “REMIC” Trustee for the supposed trust is directly challenged, although indirectly.
  2. Summary Judgment just became more difficult for the banks and servicers, if you use the reasoning in this opinion.
  3. Verification of complaint by “authorized Signor” or the “attorney” does NOT end the inquiry into the facts.
  4. Presumptions work against the foreclosing party in motions for summary judgment.
  5. Courts are getting suspicious of anything proffered by a foreclosing party when there is an alleged “REMIC” “trust” involved.
  6. Affidavits or declarations that the affiant personally has possession of the note do NOT establish (a) possession or (b) the right to enforce before the foreclosure was initiated. [This will lead to even more backdating of documents]
  7. FOUNDATION: Self declaration of knowledge and competency are insufficient. Foundation requires that the affiant or declarant specifically state how he/she came into such knowledge and why he/she is competent to testify.
  8. A self-serving declaration that the affiant is the custodian of records as to one case” raises red flags. Such declarations are only proper when they come from an individual who is, in the ordinary course of business, the records custodian for the business. [This raises some very uncomfortable questions for the banks and servicers, to wit: there are no business records for the trust because (a) the trustee has no right to keep them or even review information that would be entered on such records and (b) the trust has no business that requires record-keeping. So the assumption that the servicer’s records are the records of the trust named as the foreclosing party is simply not true and more importantly, lacks the required foundation to get such records into evidence.]
  9. Self-serving declarations do not necessarily authenticate any documents.
  10. Attorneys for the banks and servicers are put on notice that chickens may come home to roost — for  filing attestations to facts, about which they knew nothing or worse, about which they knew were untrue.

 

Discovery in Foreclosure Actions

Discovery is more complex than lay people realize. There is a lot of work that goes on behind the scenes in court. Our paralegal, Connie Lasco, saw the problems and forwarded the request for service to me for comment.

Here is an example of my comments to one homeowner who is defending her home pro se. She is asking us to do a motion to compel — based upon her filing of a request for production.

We do provide those services. But there were certain prerequisites that were unknown to her. My response should assist lawyers and pro se litigants in considering the discovery demands and the the usual “answers” from the banks and servicers.

Let us help you plan your discovery requests and defense narrative:

954-451-1230 or 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.

Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.

Get a Consult and TERA (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 954-451-1230 or 202-838-6345. The TERA replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).

GO TO WWW.LENDINGLIES.COM OR https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!

THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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Discovery is a process by which one party can ask the other anything related to the case. Anything that might lead to the discovery of admissible evidence is allowed to be asked or demanded. If you don’t get it, you can ask the court to compel the answer or production. If you still don’t get it, you can ask the court for sanctions that might include striking the pleadings of the opposing side. BEWARE: Trial orders often contain discovery cutoff dates and instructions on how to preserve objections, or else they are waived.

Hawaii is one of the many jurisdictions that require “meet and confer” before allowing a motion to compel to be heard.  that means that the proponent of the discovery requests calls the opposing attorney and schedules a telephone conference in which the parties meet and confer regarding objections that were raised and answers that were insufficient.

I always recommend that a careful and complete Journal be started and maintained with respect to all contact with opposing counsel. You may need assistance from us in reviewing your demand for discovery, reviewing the response, and suggesting the specific questions you will ask of opposing counsel. You should also have an understanding as to why you are saying that response was inadequate or the objection  was inappropriate. You should treat the “meet and confer” as having the same priority as a prospective hearing on a motion to compel.
The usual procedure in discovery is as follows:
  1.  Initial discovery should basically track the pleadings. In a judicial state that means seeking discovery that allegedly supports the allegations in the foreclosure complaint and seeking discovery that supports the denials and affirmative defenses (and possibly counterclaim). In a nonjudicial (“Power of Sale”) state it means the same thing but in reverse — the complaint in those states is filed by the homeowner instead of the bank and it is the bank that serves answers and affirmative defenses to the claim of the homeowner, as alleged in the complaint.
  2. Initially a package of discovery is served upon the opposing party.
  3.  This includes interrogatories, requests for production, and requests for admission.
  4.  You have only served a request for production
  5.   Interrogatories and requests for admission generally ask for responses as to factual events and possibly legal “contention.”
  6.  The request for production should generally track the interrogatories and requests for admission. In most foreclosure cases the responses on all three discovery tools are generally inconsistent with one another. This is a double-edged sword. Opposing counsel and the client seeking foreclosure will intentionally provide inconsistent answers in order to obfuscate the real answers. But the homeowner can use the inconsistent answers as the basis for a motion to compel.
  7.  A motion to compel responses to a request for production without including interrogatories and requests for admission opens the door for arguments from opposing counsel that might otherwise be closed.
  8.  It is extremely important and often overlooked that the homeowner and propounding discovery demands uses language that could be interpreted as an admission against interest. This is why I have repeatedly recommended that all discovery demands be carefully reviewed. As one example, homeowner should avoid assuming that any document, assertion or allegation from the foreclosing party  is authentic, valid or true. It is better to say “transaction” then to refer to a “mortgage” or “loan” or “note.”

Why Borrowers Have the Right to Rescind under the Truth In Lending Act

In my opinion any foreclosure judgment or foreclosure sale that took place after a notice of rescission was sent and delivered is completely void and should be treated the same as a wild deed. This is particularly true in cases where courts have ignored the rescission completely and failed to issue an order effectively vacating the rescission. And it is particularly true where the rescission notice was sent within three years of consummation (assuming there was consummation). As with any wild deed, the actions and events subsequent to the void foreclosure judgment and/or void sale are also void. The effect of a rescinded loan is to make the note and mortgage void by operation of law effective the date of mailing or delivery. Void means they don’t legally exist.

Where the rescission was sent within three years of the purported consummation and was completely ignored  I am positive that SCOTUS will agree. And it is at least doubtful, if not legally impossible, that any subsequent law passed by any state legislature could effectively ratify a court’s action where it had no subject matter jurisdiction. In plain language, if the effect is the same as a wild deed, the only way title can be divested from homeowners would be through various state laws governing adverse possession (usually used in boundary disputes, but nonetheless applicable). Absent that, homeowners who have sent notices of TILA Rescission remain the legal owners of the property, even it goes back many years.

The banks know and understand this. They have lobbied extensively and successfully in state legislatures to bar or limit actions to “take back” title. By doing so they distract from the main issue, to wit: homeowners already have title by operation of law and thus need make no claim in court or otherwise. That was the whole point of the TILA Rescission statute as confirmed by SCOTUS in Jesinoski.

Bankers are rejoicing over the nearly universal rejection of TILA Rescission in trial and appellate court — with the notable exception of the Supreme Court of the United States, (SCOTUS) who unanimously ruled in Jesinoski that (a) the statute was constitutional, (b) that the statute was clearly worded thus barring “interpretation”, (c) that no lawsuit was needed to make rescission effective, and (d) that the rescission notice is effective on the date of delivery (mailing, if USPS is used).

Any “logic” or rationale that leads to a result contrary to these points is equally void and without merit simply because it is the law of the land from Congress and from the highest court in the land — SCOTUS. All adverse decisions and arguments are based upon the premise that the statute runs against the grain of personal beliefs that borrowers should never have that much power. Without aggressive enforcement of the consumer rights enunciated in TILA, the rights and protections of the statute and regulations are effectively revoked leaving consumers in the same position they were in back in the 1960’s when the law was considered and passed.

While I am certain that SCOTUS will slap down all the courts of the country who tried imposing limits and restrictions on TILA Rescission, just as it did in Jesinoski, that doesn’t mean that that all cases would be reversible based upon Jesinoski and the next decision.

This is especially true when a court considers TILA Rescission as a claim instead of an event effective by operation of law — just as the statute says it is. The effect on procedure and burdens of proof is enormous.

If you regard it as a claim asserted by the borrower, then the borrower must prove that the rescission was properly sent and for good reasons.

If you regard it as an event, then it is the “lender” who must file a claim seeking to set it aside. The TILA Rescission statute and SCOTUS both state the same thing: rescission is an event that is effective upon mailing (delivery).

The burden is clearly on the party claiming to be a lender to file a claim seeking to vacate the rescission which has same effect as a court order or statutory law. But they must plead and prove standing without using the note and mortgage as the foundation for their assertion of legal standing.

Let us help you plan your TILA RESCISSION strategy, discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.

Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.

Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).

https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!

THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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In the 1960’s Congress was faced with a problem. The banks were forever seeking ways to deceive borrowers in increasingly complex loan transactions. Congress was passing TILA, but in order to have any effect in protecting consumers, a compliance enforcement mechanism was needed.

One choice was to create a massive new federal government agency to enforce compliance with the new Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Nobody took that seriously because of the huge expense and logistical problems in analyzing the closing statements on each loan and selectively auditing loans during their term to see if the disclosures were correct or had been false or misleading. Tens of thousands of people would need to be hired, trained, and educated. Systems would have had to be invented to keep track of the huge amount of data that would be collected.

The other path was to create a self activating mechanism that would impose draconian penalties on lenders who violate the law and spirit of TILA. Faced with virtual loss of the loan the banks would scrupulously comply. The extraordinary provision gave consumers the right to rescind the transaction if they believed they had been deceived — i.e., that the disclosures were absent, false or misleading (all of which apply to loans during the great meltdown leading up to the 2008 crash).

Key to the effectiveness of the statute is that there was no requirement that the borrower had to be right, inasmuch as this would enable banks to stonewall even further. Nothing was required except that the borrower send a notice of rescission. The entire burden thus falls completely and solely on the “lender” to apply to a court of competent jurisdiction to vacate the rescission, which was effective by operation of law, upon mailing or delivery.

Congress rejected any notion that consumers had to go see a lawyer or a court in order to get redress for the consumer’s perceived grievances. Hence the TILA Rescission statute was passed stating that the rescission was effective by operation of law upon delivery (or mailing). 

For years the banks had internal controls that usually assured compliance, although there were some major exceptions. Then starting in the 1990’s the banks embarked on a scheme that required  violations of the protections afforded by TILA. When people sent notices of rescission they were frequently ignored or “contested” by a letter.

In court, judges were driven by a fear that such power delivered into the hands of borrowers with little to lose might destroy the entire socio-economic fabric of the country and that the “sanctity of contract” must be upheld. Accordingly judges began to “interpret the statute thus imposing limits and restrictions that effectively denuded the primary objective of the legislation — to punish participants in the lending process for withholding disclosures or making false and misleading disclosures.

In short, as pointed out by SCOTUS in the Jesinoski decision  judges were attempting to legislate from the bench by proclaiming what the judge thought the statute should have said. SCOTUS truck down all the restrictions and limitations invented by the courts and appellate courts that affirmed such decisions. Still judges try to avoid the draconian results on “lenders” that were intended by Congress and President Johnson. And so the real truth about these loans and these foreclosures is still emerging very slowly.

The practice pointer here is that lawyers should not present rescission as a claim for any relief except perhaps enforcement of TILA Rescission duties imposed on lenders. The relief has already been granted by Congress. Don’t fall into the trap of alleging the rescission as a claim in a complaint or in affirmative defenses. The proper motion is a motion to dismiss. In the absence of an actual pleading setting forth standing and the timely contest (20 days) of whether the rescission should have been sent, the “lenders” either must admit they are not lenders or comply with the three duties imposed by delivery of  TILA Rescission:

  1. Return of moneys to the homeowner/borrower
  2. Return of the canceled original note
  3. Cancellation and release of the mortgage recorded in public records.

It is only after the lender has complied or a court has vacated the borrower’s rescission that the creditor or obligee can demand money from the homeowner/borrower. But here is the rub: Under TILA Rescission, there might to recover money arises from either timely compliance with the statue or an order vacating the rescission. The right to receive money under TILA Rescission arises from the rescission statute, not the debt, note or mortgage. If no claim has been made under TILA within 1 year, then the debt is unenforceable. And no claim can remade without compliance with the TILA Rescission statutes.

 

 

 

 

 

Securitization and Standing

Like other decisions establishing  the law of the land, the decisions of SCOTUS are often taken as advisory or optional. Nevertheless TILA Rescission and Article III standing have been affirmed by the Court of last resort. Reluctant judges in trial and appellate courts will get their hands slapped one more time but all the bad prior decisions and their consequences  are neither reversed nor redressed.

Standing is pretty easy — it must be alleged in facts that will be proven at trial. If it isn’t alleged or isn’t proven at trial, the Court lacks jurisdiction to do anything other than to dismiss the claims of any party seeking satisfaction because they have no claim for redress.

Let us help you plan your defense strategy, discovery requests and defense narrative: Dial 954-451-1230 or 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.

Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.

Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 954-451-1230 or 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).

https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!

THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

See 2017 US Supreme Court case defining burden of PLEADING legal standing: Town of Chester v. Laroe Estates, Inc., 137 S. Ct. 1645, 1650-1651 (2017)

There are three elements of standing:

  1. The party claiming the ultimate relief (like the party seeking foreclosure) MUST have already suffered an injury in fact — one that is “concrete and particularized.” This means that alleging a default is not enough. The presumption that the pleading party suffered economic loss only arises if they plead and prove that they had a right to payment which was not received, thus constituting a default. Nobody alleges that because it isn’t true. Nobody is entitled to any satisfaction in court without pleading and proving facts that the alleged default actually caused financial loss (injury) to the party seeking relief (or the disclosed principal in an agency relationship with the party seeking foreclosure). This feature is particularly twisted in nonjudicial states where the party makes no claim for foreclosure; instead they merely file papers in the county records and put the home up for sale. Standing is nonetheless required in both judicial and nonjudicial states — a fact often ignored in most courtrooms.
  2. The injury must be traceable to conduct of the party alleged to be in default or breach. Hence the party seeking satisfaction through foreclosure must establish that they had a legal right to receive the payments that were specified in the note and mortgage (deed of trust) either because they own the debt or because they represent someone else who owns the debt. Failure to reveal the party who owns the debt leaves the court without any pleading or proof as to who, if anyone, was financially injured when the homeowner stopped making payments to a party that could possibly be the authorized representative to receive such payments and also could possibly not be the authorized party to receive payments. The presumption of injury only arises  when the right to receive payments is both alleged and proven. Once again, courts have twisted this element beyond recognition. The missing creditor is presumed to exist, without a name or any other identifying characteristics.
  3. The injury, once established, must be likely to be redressed by a favorable judicial decision. So if the foreclosure occurs and the sale is made, what will be the ultimate result of liquidation of the property. The answer is that unrelated parties will enjoy the fruits of foreclosure, which is why servicers are under strict instructions not to reveal the recipient of funds paid by putative borrowers. The proceeds from the sale of the property must be claimed by the party seeking foreclosure or claimed by the party on whose behalf the foreclosure was pursued (assuming that party is the owner of the debt and not another conduit). The trusts are all conduits if they claim REMIC status. That is why there are never allegations that the trust owns the debt or is anything other than other than a “holder.” The right to enforce appears to be presumed but is inaccurate since the Trustee and the Trust were absent from any transaction involving the subject loan. So if the proceeds are not going to the party who loaned money and are not going to anyone who bought the debt, there is no subject matter jurisdiction. Here again the courts are twisting laws beyond comprehension by presuming everything that is not susceptible to proof.

The side note is that it does not appear that the REMIC trusts actually exist or were involved in any financial transaction relating to the loans that lawyers claim it owns. SO the claimant does not exist leaving the court without any semblance of jurisdiction if the pleadings are scrutinized for allegations that the “Trust” is a REMIC business trust organized and existing under the laws of the State of New York, for example. They don’t make that allegation — common to all other pleadings in other civil cases — because the trust is merely a graphic image having no significance except for the purposes of foreclosure.

 

TILA RESCISSION: The war is NOT over contrary to bank disinformation

The banks have not asked for an order vacating a TILA RESCISSION because they know that following standard procedure would block  them from challenging TILA RESCISSION.

This is PROCEDURE vs SUBSTANCE. That is what this has always been about. As more courts continue to “rule” on TILA RESCISSION, getting it wrong every time, the effort to discredit TILA RESCISSION is picking up steam.

Here is the bottom line: I never said that the borrower would always prevail if challenged. I only said that the borrower must be challenged if a creditor wants to avoid the consequences of rescission. And failing to do that means that the rescission stands, by operation of law. I have also said that only a party with standing can bring that challenge and that on its face such a party does not seem to be the same as the party seeking to enforce the paper.

Let us help you plan your TILA RESCISSION strategy, discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.

Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.

Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).

https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!

THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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In the past couple of weeks I have received hate mail from those who are pretending  to be on the side of homeowners whilst adamantly opposing TILA Rescission. The banks are more scared of TILA RESCISSION than anything else. So their effort is directed at discrediting the express wording of the statute, the Supreme Court decision directly on point and of course anyone (e.g., me) who persists in pushing the use of TILA RESCISSION. I will say openly that the courts have managed to tie up rescission now just as they did before SCOTUS stopped them. And once again, SCOTUS will administer a stern warning about playing with the express wording a clearly worded statute.

Remember when the general rule was that rescission was a claim and not an event — i.e., that homeowners had to bring an action to enforce rescission in order for rescission to be effective? That’s gone now.

So now they are saying that the likelihood of the defeat of the homeowner in a hypothetical lawsuit directed at vacating the TILA RESCISSION means that the rescission should be ignored (but not subject to a final judgment in which the TILA Rescission is vacated. That will be gone soon too.

Judges are not empowered to render decisions based upon a hypothetical lawsuit. The lawsuit to vacate the rescission must be real and must be filed by a party with standing. And standing cannot be based upon the note and mortgage which are void by operation of law. Standing in such a suit can ONLY be established by a party to whom the underlying debt is owed.

These purveyors of “bad news” will continue to report each erroneous court decision (as I predicted) until once again, the US Supreme Court smacks down the bad decisions for (a) not following the statute, (b) not following the SCOTUS Jesinoski decision and (c) not following standard due process procedure. Such a decision is extremely likely considering the unanimous Jesinoski decision.

And I would ask them — “If you are so sure that TILA Rescission is a dead horse, why are YOU spending any time rebutting TILA RESCISSION?”

Once again these paid shills for the banks are intentionally confusing procedure with substance. I never said that the borrower would always prevail if TILA RESCISSION was properly challenged. I only said that the borrower’s rescission must be challenged if a creditor wants to avoid the consequences of rescission. And failing to do that means that the rescission stands, by operation of law. I have also said that only a party with standing can seek relief from a court including bringing that challenge. I have also said that on its face such a “creditor” party does not seem to be the party seeking to enforce the paper and oddly enough, might not exist at all.

The error that occurred in the remanded Jesinoski case was the assumption or presumption that the party claiming to be beneficiary under the deed of trust was an actual creditor instead of a possessor or holder of the note. As per the express wording of the TILA RESCISSION statute, such a party relying upon paper documents are relying upon a note and mortgage that are void by operation of law and thus could never be the basis of legal standing to challenge TILA RESCISSION.

The court and the parties continued with a basic erroneous assumption:  that somehow a party who claims only to be holder of a note or mortgage can somehow challenge the notice of TILA RESCISSION. By failing to challenge their opposition on the question of standing (because the note and mortgage were void) the Jesinoskis sealed their own doom. This in turn enables the sometimes nonexistent claimant for a nonexistent claim to twist legal procedure and simply attack the notice of rescission with a motion and/or affidavit instead of a complaint in which it alleges standing to sue based upon the underlying debt.

The remand of the Jesinoski case to the trial court should have resulted in a stay of the proceedings for a defined period allowing the “creditor” to affirmatively allege that it has standing because it is the party who would suffer financial injury and that all disclosures were made, —thus requesting from the court that the rescission be vacated — something that has yet to be done anywhere — despite direct advice and counsel from lawyers for the banks. The problem they face is that the banks were given 20 days to challenge rescission— just as the homeowners being given up to 3 years to invoke rescission.

Despite the FACT that a TILA RESCISSION is effective upon mailing or delivery by operation of law, the courts simply refuse to treat it that way. As a result, no order has been entered nor has it been requested by the banks — a court order in which the rescission was vacated. The banks have not asked because they know that following procedure would block  them from challenging TILA RESCISSION.

You can’t blame them. Steamrolling seems to work for the banks. It’s better than law!

But a decision from the US Supreme Court along the lines expressed in this article is likely to materially effect many of not most foreclosures where the notice of rescission was delivered prior to the foreclosure sale or the foreclosure judgment.

PRACTICE HINT: If you are dealing with a party claiming rights to foreclose on the basis of being “holder”, that is probably an admission that they are not a creditor. Hence they would not have legal standing to demand relief from a court when seeking to vacate the rescission. If they had purchased the underlying debt, in all probability, they would assert themselves as having the status of a “holder in due course” (and of course prove it). This needs to be fleshed out in discovery — and by demanding discovery on the issue of standing you are highlighting the fact that the rescission is effective and that a challenge to rescission must be a pleading of a case of action — in other words, where they are forced to allege their basis for asserting legal standing.

DARK POOLS OF SECURITIES AND MONEY FUNDED MORTGAGE LOANS

In answer to questions frequently asked of me, the term “dark pool” was not coined by me nor was it discovered by me as an instrumentality of obscuring financial transactions. I have understood the workings of dark pools since my Wall Street days. But back then, in the 1960’s and 1970’s they were not so common.

What I did discover was a dark pools were in widespread use in the era of false claims of securitization — a discovery provoked by reading the prospectuses and pooling and servicing agreements (Trust instruments) for the issuance of of “certificates” a/k/a “mortgage bonds.”  There, in black and white, was a “reserve fund” consisting of money from investors who bought the certificates from underwriters using the fictitious name of a Trust that never existed. And it was stated therein that investors could be paid from this reserve — i.e.,. paid using their own money.

There were virtually no restrictions on the use of the “reserve fund.” The more I read and the more I asked my tipsters, it became very apparent that the reserve funds were interconnected, that the Trusts did not exist and so the reserve fund was actually a dark pool — a trading ground for securities and money. It is also the locale where the the most gross violations of law occur because they are hidden from public view and often hidden even from the financial statements of the participants.

Let us help you plan your cross examination, discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.
Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.
Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).
https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule CONSULT, leave message or make payments. It’s better than calling!
THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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see DARK POOLS DEFINED — https://ag.ny.gov/press-release/ag-schneiderman-announces-landmark-resolutions-barclays-and-credit-suisse-fraudulent

Securitization was at first disclaimed by all the banks and servicers 10-15 years ago. Most people don’t remember that. The defense was “What Trust?”

Forensic researchers then discovered that underwriters or others had uploaded “securitization” documents to the SEC website and later added mortgage loan schedules, (that trend out to be false and fabricated) in which certain “REMIC” trusts claimed ownership of the “mortgage loans.”

Going with the flow, the banks and servicers then filed foreclosures in the name of the nonexistent trusts — and they got away with it. Today we have a mixed blend of claims of trust ownership of loans (i.e., the underwriter using the fictitious name of the nonexistent trust) and claims of corporate ownership of loans where a major bank or “successor” trust initiates foreclosure.

But in the end what they filed in foreclosures was antithetical to the claim they were making. None of the Trusts ever acquired loans from a settlor or trustor. Nor did any trust receive the proceeds of investor capital. By definition, securitization never actually happened. Adam Levitin calls this “securitization fail.”

The true money trail starts with the dark pool consisting of all proceeds of the sale of certificates or bonds issued by the underwriter in the name of the nonexistent trust. Hence the money is not in the trust; it is in the dark pool where money and trading, deposits and withdrawals occur in great frequency. Hence the underwriter has performed a Texas two step — on the one hand it claims that ownership is in the name of the fictitious REMIC Trust while at the same time funding the origination and acquisition of loans from the dark pool.

This is critically relevant to the foreclosures. In virtually all cases, the money came from the dark pool (not a trust) to originate (not allowed under the prospectus) or acquire loans. Careful securities analysis reveals a simple fact, to wit: that there IS a money trail but it leads back to the dark pools. Hence the paper trail that leads to the successors and “trusts” are documenting transactions that never occurred between the parties named on the written instruments. This in turn means that the certificates and bonds issued in the name of the named trust were neither backed by notes or mortgages and were most certainly not backed by debts.

A careful reading of certificates indicates that most of them have a disclaimer of any interest in the underlying debts, notes and mortgages. The investors acknowledge that all they are receiving is a promise to pay issued by in the name of the trust (but not issued By the trust). The real party in interest is the underwriter who also poses as “Master Servicer” for assets owned by the named Trust. But there are no such assets; so in the end we should be dealing with, and litigating with the underwriter.

Investors gave money to the underwriter believing their money would be deposited into the “REMIC” Trust. It wasn’t. Instead their money ended up in a dark pool with no rules. The money in the dark pool should be considered as deposits by investors rather than investments since the certificates were bogus. To consider it otherwise would be to deprive investors of the last vestige of ownership of the debts, notes and mortgages that were to be conveyed into the trust in exchange for the money paid to the “trust” by investors and then paid out by the “Trustee.” No such thing ever happened.

So the answer to the frequently asked question of “then where did the money come from” is that it came from an unregulated, undisclosed dark pool invented for the purpose of defrauding investors and homeowners. And the answer to the the other frequently asked question of “how do I prove that” is you don’t prove it. You prove the inevitable gaps that show that no financial transaction occurred anywhere along the paper trail.

Remember: documenting a false transaction doesn’t make it real. The document (note, mortgage, assignment, etc.) is either tethered to a real transaction in the real world that can be disclosed or it is untethered to any real transaction. If there is no real transaction in the real world the document becomes only a piece of paper. If there is a real transaction in the real world that your opposition can prove resulted in the creation of the document, then they win — simple as that. If there is no such transaction then the claimed liability does not exist, hence there can be no default. You can’t default on a nonexistent obligation. But obviously the investors have an equitable right to the loans funded with their money.

 

Subpoena Compliance Officer at the time the loan was made

Last night on the Neil Garfield Show, Charles Marshall brought up the idea of the use of the subpoena power of the court. I agree that this is a way of lawfully penetrating into the inner recesses of the alleged loan process. People ask me to whom should they issue a subpoena? Opinions vary. But I would say the person who served as compliance officer at the time was being “underwritten.” You’ll probably find out that loan was not underwritten by the originator. But more than that you will find that there exists a witness who can say what really happened at the alleged “loan closing.”

See below for a short list of questions that might be posed at the deposition of such a witness.

Let us help you plan your discovery requests and defense narrative: 202-838-6345. Ask for a Consult.
Purchase now Neil Garfield’s Mastering Discovery and Evidence in Foreclosure Defense webinar including 3.5 hours of lecture, questions and answers, plus course materials that include PowerPoint Presentations. Presenters: Attorney and Expert Neil Garfield, Forensic Auditor Dan Edstrom, Attorney Charles Marshall and and Private Investigator Bill Paatalo. The webinar and materials are all downloadable.
Get a Consult and TEAR (Title & Encumbrances Analysis and & Report) 202-838-6345. The TEAR replaces and greatly enhances the former COTA (Chain of Title Analysis, including a one page summary of Title History and Gaps).
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THIS ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.
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SeePAPER CHASE AND MONEY CHASE — THE CASE AGAINST CHASE

There are dozens of questions to ask. But I think the following list is a guide toward strategically posing the right questions:

  1. Do you review all prospective loans?
  2. What risks are you looking for? Define them.
  3. What are the primary risks of loss in closing a loan in today’s marketplace?
  4. Does the prospect of “sale” of the debt, note or mortgage affect your risk analysis?
  5. Is the bank using a warehouse lender?
  6. Is the bank making the loan or playing the role of originator?
  7. Is the bank the intended ultimate secured party on the mortgage?
  8. Is the bank the intended ultimate recipient of monthly payments as described in the note?
  9. What is the annual rate of mortgage originations in principal dollars for the bank.
  10. Does the bank have buy-back exposure on its loan originations?
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