PRESUMPTIONS, PLEADING, PROCEDURE AND PROOF REALLY MATTER IN FORECLOSURE ACTIONS

In the final analysis nearly all foreclosures have been rubber-stamped based upon facts that are presumed to be true but which are untrue.
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In my opinion every case lost by homeowners has been the result of the court using legal presumptions and shifting the burden of persuasion onto the homeowner who has been stonewalled, with the court’s help, during discovery and stonewalled before there was any foreclosure when the homeowner submitted qualified written requests and debt validation letters. Hence the court shifts the burden to the homeowner and then helps the bank by not allowing access to information that would prove that the presumed fact is rebutted by competent evidence.
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THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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As if it isn’t hard enough to defend foreclosure actions, pro se litigants and lawyers alike get caught up in a spiral of presumptions that are said to apply because of state law.
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Florida Statute 90.302 makes it clear that if there is credible evidence to sustain a finding of nonexistence of the presumed fact then the existence of nonexistence of the presumed fact shall be determined from the evidence without regard to the presumption. In other words the banks must plead the facts upon which they want relief and not rely upon presumptions of fact that are clearly untrue or at least debatable. After they plead those facts they must prove those facts. In other words the burden of persuasion is on the banks to show the fact is true instead of being on the hapless homeowner to show that the fact is untrue. The only party who actually knows, and the only party that has access to the information that would prove it one way or the other is the bank or entity that is initiating foreclosure.
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This provision is often overlooked — especially when arguing to compel discovery. Patrick Giunta, Esq. (Ft. Lauderdale)  has had success in demanding discovery that would rebut the rebuttable presumption. The bank responded with alarm.
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For example, the promissory note that is facially valid (complies with statute to be a negotiable instrument) enables the bank to invoke the legal presumption that everything in the note is true. That in turn gives rise the presumption that the Payee in that note is a lender.
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But that is also a rebuttable presumption. So discovery requests for information that might lead to the discovery of admissible evidence showing that the Payee was not a lender, but rather a broker would be appropriate. Courts have almost uniformly used the rebuttable presumptions as though they were conclusive presumptions. During discovery they will most often deny requests for information about one instrument or another and the underlying presumption of a real transaction for which the note is evidence.
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The note is evidence of the debt, not the debt itself. Theoretically at least, demanding information about that underlying transaction should produce no prejudice to the bank. But he fight on presumptions is so intense that it leads one to conclude that the banks are winning cases based upon facts that are not true but taken to be true as a result of the application of legal presumptions.
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It isn’t enough to know that the loans and foreclosures are fraudulent generally. It must be specific to the case. But I am leading the attack now on legal presumptions. I am attempting to use the information in the public domain and, where possible, inconsistencies in specific case filings, to show that the rebuttable presumptions that are normally applied should not be applied because of the common wording in the statutes that say if there are circumstances that show lack of trustworthiness about what appears to be a facially valid document then the party who proffers that document must prove their case without the benefit of legal presumptions. This, if accepted, would shift the burden of proof squarely on those attempting to use the vehicle of foreclosure, requiring them to prove the actual loan from a specific party, and the actual ownership of the debt by a specific party.

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The argument from the banks should be interesting. On its face there is obviously no prejudice requiring the banks to prove a fact that is true. What if the presumed fact is untrue? The banks will fight it because without the presumption they cannot prove the truth of  the matter asserted in the “facially valid” document. My proposition is this: they can’t prove those facts because they are not true. In the final analysis nearly all foreclosures have been rubber-stamped based upon facts that are presumed to be true but which are untrue. In my opinion every case lost by homeowners has been the result of the court using legal presumptions and shifting the burden of persuasion onto the homeowner who has been stonewalled, with the court’s help, during discovery and stonewalled before there was any foreclosure when the homeowner submitted qualified written requests and debt validation letters.
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Hence the court shifts the burden to the homeowner and then helps the bank by not allowing the homeowner to access information that would prove that the presumed fact is rebutted by competent evidence.
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Whether this attack will be allowed is another story. The underlying bias is that regardless of the malfeasance of the banks, the homeowner shoulders the entire burden of the wrongdoing. As stated in Yvanova while legally it matters whether the homeowner owes any money or anything else to the initiator of a foreclosure, in practice this is NOT followed in most court actions. The simple truth is that the courts are allowing the banks to bend, break or twist the rules and laws — until the bank wins. This obviously is wrong on many levels. The decisions being made during this 10 year holocaust will come back to haunt us on a variety of levels. These cases will be cited to enable fraudsters of all stripes and colors to escape liability and even accountability in civil and criminal courts.

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I have marveled, for example, at how the small fish have been convicted of white collar crime for issues relating to “mortgage fraud” when in fact they were doing exactly what their “victims” had wanted them to do. They were merely tossed under the bus to make it appear that a mega bank would never have sanctioned such behavior. In truth, they not only allowed continuous violations of lending laws, they invented most of the ways that lending laws were ignored. And the violations continue because the banks are obviously immune from serious prosecution.
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Both political parties are responsible for that and thus all three branches of government are infected with what has repeatedly been shown to be a fatal virus — fatal to the middle class who make up the vast majority of the consumer driven economy. We are undermining ourselves every time another foreclosure is allowed. In each foreclosure we remove another family from the ranks of consumers whose purchases normally make up 70% of GDP.  Look that up — the economists have replaced consumer purchases with the movement of paperwork linked to worthless financial instruments. Where the financial industry pretty much had an important place at 16% of GDP, it is now reported as just under 50%. But Wall Street is allowed to exist because it is a conduit for capital. How could the currently reported figures be right if the middle class has been indisputably decimated? What is so valuable on Wall Street that it now makes up half of our GDP? What are they measuring — inflated salaries and bonuses?
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As long as this bias remains true, the continuing epic financial fraud revealed in 2007-2009 will dominate our legal and living landscape.
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Hunter vs Aurora: Fla 1st DCA Business Records Gets Tougher

Show me any other period in American history where banks lost so many cases.
https://www.vcita.com/v/lendinglies to schedule, leave message or make payments.
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THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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see http://caselaw.findlaw.com/fl-district-court-of-appeal/1664754.html

The heat on the banks has been steadily increasing for the last three years and has increased at an increasing rate during the past 18 months. More and more banks are losing in what the bank lawyers call a “Simple, standard foreclosure action.” Show me any other period in American history where banks lost so many cases. There is obviously nothing simple and nothing standard about these foreclosures that have caused ruination of some 25 million people living in around 9 million homes.

If things were simple, we wouldn’t be looking at musical chairs in servicing, plaintiffs and “holders.” If things were standard, the creditor would come forth with clear proof that it paid for this loan. Nobody I know has EVER seen that. I have written about why. Suffice it to say, if there was a real creditor who could come forward and end the argument, they would have done so.

Two years ago the Hunter case was decided. The court was presented with a panoply of the usual smoke and mirrors. The court took on the issue of the business records exception as a guide to the trial judges in the 1st District and to the trial lawyers who defend homeowners in foreclosure. This is a sample of the part of the analysis we do. Here are some quotes and comments from the case:

Aurora alleged in its “Complaint to Foreclose Mortgage and to Enforce Lost Loan Documents” that it owned and held the promissory note and the mortgage, [note that the allegation is never made that Aurora was the owner of the debt or was the lender. Why not? Who is the actual creditor?]
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original owner of the note and mortgage was MortgageIT, and that MortgageIT subsequently assigned both to Aurora. A letter dated January 27, 2007, from Aurora to Mr. Hunter entitled, “Notice of Assignment, Sale, or Transfer of Servicing Rights,” directed him to remit mortgage payments to Aurora beginning February 1, 2007. The “Corporate Assignment of Mortgage” executed on June 11, 2007, and recorded on January 8, 2008, showed MortgageIT as the assignor and Aurora as the assignee. [MortgageIT was a thinly capitalized originator/ broker who could not have made all the loans it originated. Hence the presumption should be that it didn’t loan money to Hunter. Logically it follows that it never owned the debt and should not have had its name on the note or the mortgage. Nor did the source of funds ever convey ownership to MortgageIT. So what value or validity is there in looking at an assignment or endorsement or even delivery from Mortgage IT? And given that behavior (see below) do we not have circumstances in which the paperwork is suspect? Should that be enough to withhold the statutory presumptions attendant to “holding” a note?]
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To establish that it held and had the right to enforce the note as of April 3, 2007, Aurora sought to put in evidence certain computer-generated records: one, a printout entitled “Account Balance Report” dated “1/30/2007,” indicating Mr. Hunter’s loan was sold to Lehman Brothers—of which Aurora is a subsidiary and for which Aurora services loans—and payment in full was received on “12/20/2006;” the second, a “consolidated notes log” printout dated “7/18/2007” indicating the physical note and mortgage were sent—it is not readily clear to whom—via two-day UPS on April 18, 2007. Neither document reflects that it was generated by MortgageIT. -[Interesting that Aurora is identified as a subsidiary of Lehman who was in bankruptcy in October of 2008. Aurora usually represents itself as a stand-alone company which is obviously not true. Equally obvious (see discussion above) is that the reason why Mortgage IT was not identified on the printout is that it had nothing to do with the actual loan money — neither payment of the loan as a lender nor payment for the loan from the homeowner. Mortgage IT, for all intents and purposes, in the real world, was never part of this deal.]

Section 90.803(6) provides one such exception for business records, if the necessary foundation is established:

A memorandum, report, record, or data compilation, in any form, of acts, events, conditions, opinion, or diagnosis, made at or near the time by, or from information transmitted by, a person with knowledge, if kept in the course of a regularly conducted business activity and if it was the regular practice of that business activity to make such memorandum, report, record, or data compilation, all as shown by the testimony of the custodian or other qualified witness, or as shown by a certification or declaration that complies with paragraph (c) and s. 90.902(11), unless the sources of information or other circumstances show lack of trustworthiness. (e.s.) – [THIS is the point of my article. Under current circumstances both in the Hunter case and in the public domain the court should have considered the fact that the parties were well known to have fabricated, forged and otherwise misrepresented documents, together with outright lying about the existence of underlying transactions that would track the paperwork upon which courts have heaping one presumption after another. My argument is that Aurora should not have been given the benefit of the doubt (i.e. a presumption) but rather should have been required to prove each part of its case. My further argument is that virtually none of the foreclosure cases should allow for presumptions in evidence after the massive and continuing settlements for fraud relating to these residential mortgages. If this doesn’t show lack of trustworthiness, then what would?]

— If you want this kind of analysis done on your case —
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Why We Developed the TILA Rescission Package

We start with the simple and irrefutable premise that if the parties are NOT in litigation, only a timely lawsuit filed by a party with legal standing could be considered to vacate the TILA rescission that is effective, as a matter of law, when it is mailed. The note and mortgage become void at that moment. Any claim of standing based upon the void note and void mortgage is by definition frivolous.

The banks want to place the burden on the homeowner to explain why this court should consider the rescission effective. But that is not the law. The burden is on the Banks to bring a timely action by a party with legal standing explaining why the rescission should be set aside or vacated.

Despite the simplicity of 15 USC §1635 it appears that the entire TILA rescission issue is being re-litigated even in the face of a unanimous Supreme Court decision that made it abundantly clear that what you read below is not theory, claim or defense: it is a fact.

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We are offering a Rescission Package for those lawyers and homeowners who are considering rescission as a potential strategy in their fight against the banks.

The whole point of the TILA rescission statute was to enable homeowners to avoid lawyers and judges when they canceled their loan contracts. Most jurists think this is a ridiculous thing to do. But their job is to enforce the law not make the law or “interpret” a statute that is perfectly clear on its face — especially when the highest court in the land (the boss of bosses in the judicial system) says there is no right, power, or authority possessed by ANY judge on ANY level to interpret this particular statute. The Jesinoski court said unanimously that this statute is clear on its face. THAT is the law of the land and the final instruction to every judge dealing with TILA rescission.

It should not be necessary to offer such a Rescission package. And considering the wording of the statute and the Supreme Court, there ought not to be litigation on whether the TILA rescission was effective when mailed — but that is exactly what is happening anyway. Judges who don’t like this statute should take it up with the legislature; they cannot and should not attempt to over-rule their boss — SCOTUS.

It is also true that the parties who brought the foreclosure have neither the legal standing nor (in most cases) a timely claim to vacate the rescission. So it is important to know what is happening on the ground with trial judges and appellate cases in order to anticipate how and when you will be met with opposition to a rescission that was and remains effective when mailed, as a matter of law. Despite the simplicity of 15 USC §1635 it appears that the entire rescission issue is being re-litigated even in the face of a unanimous Supreme Court decision that made it abundantly clear that what you read below is not theory, claim or defense: it is a fact.

The banks clearly have a problem with legal standing as they are losing an increasing number of foreclosure cases on exactly that point. And they already lost the fight over what TILA rescission means, when it is effective and how it is accomplished (i.e., a letter). But they continue to litigate, filing improper motions without standing and making all sorts of arguments that have already been heard and rejected by SCOTUS. The problem is that no matter how empty the arguments of the banks, if you don’t vigorously oppose them, the judge will “go with his gut” rather than the law.

It has become necessary to inform the public of what options exist for those who have sent notices of rescission either long ago or in the present and the answers differ. It also is necessary to know what to do with the rescission whether foreclosure has been started or not.

We start with the simple and irrefutable premise that if the parties are NOT in litigation, only a timely lawsuit filed by a party with legal standing could be considered to vacate the TILA rescission that is effective, as a matter of law, when it is mailed. The note and mortgage become void at that moment. Any claim of standing based upon the void note and void mortgage is by definition frivolous.

The problem seems to be that most of the discussion and litigation regarding rescission occurs in the context of litigation already exists. In that context the rescission is attacked by motion by the same parties who are pursuing foreclosure allegedly on behalf of some unknown real creditor. They do not allege they own the debt or that they are holders in due course.

Instead they say they are “holders” or “possessors” of the note with rights to enforce. They are appearing in a Representative capacity using the note and mortgage, and assignments and endorsements and even powers of attorney upon which they rely to have the court infer the existence of a right to foreclose. But when rescission becomes effective (upon mailing) the note and mortgage are void — and no legal claim or relief or legal standing exists when it is based upon a void instrument.

Once we read the Statute (15 U.S.C. §1635) and Regulations and supplement that with the unanimous ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States (Jesinoski v Countrywide) there is and can be no doubt that the loan contract has been lawfully and non-judicially canceled, and the note and mortgage are void.

Hence the foreclosing parties lack legal standing to oppose the rescission not only because it is already effective but also because even if they had legal standing and they were bringing a proper lawsuit the time is over. And unless the foreclosing party forgot to mention that they own the debt and thus fulfill the definition of the word “creditor” or “lender” they don’t have legals standing either. This is counter-intuitive for those who have not studied and analyzed the procedural remedy of TILA rescission.

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So we provide elaboration in our package that shows the lawyer options on how to argue the points in each particular case, where the facts always differ in some small way.

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I seem to be getting the same questions. All of then are essentially the same — “The TILA Statute says that TILA rescission does not apply to [fill in the blank]. Why are you saying that rescission is still effective where there are potential claims that would result in the rescission being vacated or set aside.?” The answer is that all TILA rescissions are effective when mailed, regardless of whether they are disputed or whether they could be disputed. The questioners are assuming that the “facts” are true and that they would lose if the pretender lender goes to court and shows that the subject alleged loan contract was for a purchase money mortgage, or was more than 3 years ago etc.
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Yes, my answer is that the rescission is effective and yes, it seems like a good strategy in many cases. In a nutshell the reasons are that (1) the actual creditor with standing has made no claim that the rescission should be set aside or vacated and (2) they have missed their opportunity to do so. (20 days from receipt of the notice of rescission). Third, there has never been such a lawsuit. And the reason for that lies deep within the analysis of “securitization fail” (see Adam Levitin) which produces an anomalous result that is nevertheless the consequence of bad actors on Wall Street, to wit: there appears no “party” who could meet the definition of an actual creditor to whom the money is actually owed (i.e., the party at the end of the line of the money train).
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And because this seems impossible, it is assumed to be untrue. Yet that is precisely what the Banks are counting on when they assert status as “holder”, or that they are possessed with rights to enforce even if they don’t disclose the identity of the creditor.
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The best analogy I can conceive is in contract law. If A makes an offer to B and B accepts the offer, they have an “executory” but not enforceable contract. But once A gives something of value to B and B gives something of value to A, pursuant to the terms of the oral or written contract, the contract becomes enforceable. All this occurs without any judge, and perhaps without any lawyer involved in the mix.
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The contract (a) exists and (b) is effective as a matter of law without judicial intervention. If there is a lawsuit it is going to be about whether there was a breach of the contract, not about whether the contract exists or was legally effective (except for some rare exceptions).
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Nearly all social and business contracts are meant to occur without court intervention and are valid and enforceable, as a matter of law, because the statutes and common law say they are. If you think that no contract shoudl be considered effective until a judge rules on it, then we would need to add about 1 million more judges.
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Here is the analogy to TILA Rescission: Add to our example above a VALID statute that is clear on its face that says that B can cancel the entire contract with a letter. Then add the Federal Regulation that states everything that was signed or done after the start of the enforceable contract (consummation) becomes VOID at the moment the letter is sent.
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Assume B sent the letter canceling the contract. What do you have? Answer — an unenforceable contract and a bunch of void instruments and acts that were performed pursuant to the enforceable contract. The issue of fair or not was taken up by the legislature and they decided that this is fair. Can a judge over-rule a valid statute? No. Now add SCOTUS saying that the statute is valid and clear and no interpretation is allowed. What can a Judge do about the letter canceling the contract. Nothing — unless A sues B, alleging that it is still the party to an actual transaction that occurred between A and B and alleges facts supporting a conclusion that B was wrong to cancel the contract, and A asks the court, in a timely lawsuit, to vacate the cancellation.
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The problem might best be expressed as procedural law versus substantive law. The rescission statute is a procedural law passed by Congress to administrate the substantive provisions of The truth in lending act.

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As pointed out by the Supreme Court of United States, this statute expresses how TILA Rescission is initiated and when it is effective. This statute makes no distinction between disputed an undisputed rescissions. And that point was expressly stated by Justice Scalia when writing for a unanimous Supreme Court. All rescissions are effective on the day they are mailed regardless of whether the thinking of the borrower is ignorant, defective, or arguable.

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The rescissions are effective by operation of law. By the express wording of the statute, the regulations, in the Supreme Court of United States, the mailing of a notice of rescission makes the rescission of effective as a matter of law.

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The position staked out by Congress and the Supreme Court of United States does not limit access to the courts for an aggrieved creditor. Such a creditor may file a complaint against the borrower seeking to vacate the rescission which is now effective as a matter of law. Obviously such a complaint could only be filed by a party possessing legal standing to contest the statutory nonjudicial rescission.

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Your questions are about how to deal with a prospective lawsuit that has not been filed. And your question presumes that the creditor would win that lawsuit based on the assumption that a court would interpret the consummation of the transaction to have been a purchase money mortgage.

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But the procedural question is whether the creditor can actually bring such a claim not only because of the question of legal standing but also because more than 20 days has elapsed since the rescission was received.

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The Creditor only has a 20 day window in which to file any contest of the rescission. We know this because of the wording in the rescission statute and the interpretation of that statute by the Supreme Court of the United States. That court overturned thousands of decisions from trial court and appellate courts that required a lawsuit to be filed by the borrower in order to make rescission effective. In The unanimous Court rejected that interpretation for two reasons, to wit:

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(1) the statute was clear on its face and the TILA statute made it clear that the notice of rescission was effective when it was placed in the mail. Therefore no lawsuit was required to determine whether or not the rescission was effective. It was effective as per the express wording of the statute. The only time limit expressed in the statute for compliance by the”Lender” is 20 days from the date of receipt. The banks want to place the burden on the homeowner to explain why this court should consider the rescission effective. But that is not the law. The burden is on the Banks to bring a timely action by a party with legal standing explaining why the rescission should be set aside or vacated. 

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By combining the first day of TILA rescission as being the date of mailing and the last day of TILA rescission being 20 days from the date of receipt by the “lender”, it is obvious that any attempt to extend that period of time would essentially translate as meaning that the notice of rescission was not considered effective until a judge ruled upon it. This is opposite to what Congress said, what the Supreme Court said, and what the Federal regulations say. Banks are attempting to re-litigate this despite the fact that the highest court in the land rejected their argument already.

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(2) the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) has expressly ruled that this statute is clear on its face and is not subject to any interpretation of any kind. Specifically the court simply restated the content of the statute which provides that the notice of rescission is effective upon mailing, which means that there is no lawsuit required to make the rescission effective, and the court noted that the statute made no distinction between disputed an undisputed rescissions.

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Hence it is premature to attempt to resolve questions relating to prospective issues which might be alleged in a lawsuit directed at vacating the rescission.

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This is only counter-intuitive if you assume that borrower’s should not have such power to cause such a huge impact by merely writing a letter. But the law is filled with such examples, most notably the Power of Sale in nonjudicial states. In both instances a private action carries the force of law.

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In nonjudicial states the consequence is the most severe remedy allowed in civil litigation — loss of property and in most  cases, the homestead of the property owner. In the case of rescission, the borrower procedural removes any allowed use of the alleged loan contract, debt, note or mortgage. But it is entirely possible and even probable in many if not most cases that no loan contract was ever consummated in actuality by consideration from the payee on the note to the maker of the note.

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Consummation is another “fact” that can only be determined by a court after due process — pleading, defenses and a trial. Such a case is NOT about whether the rescission was effective. It is about whether the rescission should be vacated or enforced as to the three duties of the “lender” after receipt of the TILA Rescission.

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If that lawsuit is not currently pending and timely filed, there is no option for the creditor except compliance, to wit: (a) return canceled note (b) release encumbrance and (c) disgorgement and payment of of money to the homeowner. Only AFTER those duties are fully satisfied may a creditor make any demand for payment, and even then there is no collateral for the debt that the creditor says is due.

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Chase Loses on Assignment and Assumption Argument with WAMU

A purchase and assumption agreement was not enough to prove JPMorgan Chase Bank N.A.’s legal standing in a foreclosure case before the Fourth District Court of Appeal.
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THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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see http://www.dailybusinessreview.com/law-news/id=1202753997800/JPMorgan-Chase-Loses-Foreclosure-Case-After-5-Debt-Sales?mcode=1202617860989&curindex=2&slreturn=20160315114531

Congrats to Attorney Ricardo Corona, Esq., the one who won this case.

On the road today.

I just wanted to point out that what I had testified 8 years ago in a class action is pretty much well-settled now, despite the nagging naysayers that always emerge when confronted with an observation that conflicts with their assumptions. WAMU originated around $1 trillion in loans. Any cursory overview of their financial statements would show that they could not possibly have loaned even a substantial fraction of that amount. It follows that all of them were pre-funded through conduits of conduits who were illegally using investor money obtained under false pretenses.

For most of the loans, therefore, WAMU never owned them because they were never the lender. The rest were “sold” (without ever receiving one cent of consideration) into the secondary market where they were subject to false claims of securitization. The financial equivalent of a house of mirrors.

Any three year old understands that if you give away that tasty apple you don’t have it anymore. So when the FDIC took over WAMU, who had virtually no assets, and then combined with the US Trustee in bankruptcy to sell the servicing rights and other services of WAMU, Chase was the buyer of everything EXCEPT the loans. No assignments exist because none were executed. I spoke to Richard Schoppe the FDIC Trustee who directly confirmed this to me years ago.

It therefore makes sense that the paperwork used in court is fabricated, forged or irrelevant to ownership, authority or even balances. In a case Patrick Giunta and I won about a year ago, a veteran Judge ruled that the Trust never owned the loan, that the transfer  documents were meaningless, that the “new servicer” had no right to service the loan, and that Chase probably owed our client money for fooling around with the escrow account. Lawyers for US Bank as trustee for the inactive REMIC Trust tried using all kinds of documents including brand new powers of attorney that said nothing of value.

The “WAMU” notes, by the way, were mostly destroyed. Almost all of the notes you see today and represented as originals would not survive a real forensic examination. Many of the loan documents were printed and mechanically signed within hours or days of being presented in court as the originals signed by the homeowner. That is why I always caution against admitting the signature — it usually isn’t the original signature but it sure looks like it. Now Chase is walking this practice back because the executives wish to avoid civil and maybe other prosecution. So they are using “substitutes” for the notes.

“Because they didn’t have possession of the note, they had to rely on the purchase and assumption agreement, which the Fourth DCA found insufficient,” said defense attorney Ricardo M. Corona Jr. of the Corona Law Firm in Miami.

DEBT vs. Note: What is the difference?

 current trial court decisions are getting reversed because the courts are waking up to the reality of the rule of law. What they have been following is an off the books rule of “anything but a free house.”

the Courts may think they are saving the financial system, the economy and our society from disintegration, but in truth they are undermining all three.

A recent Yale Law Review article eviscerates the assumptions of a “free house” for the homeowners and destroys the myth that somehow that policy has saved the nation. Yale-In Defense of Free Houses 2016 03 23

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Our services consist mainly of the following:
  1. 30 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  2. 60 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  3. Case review and analysis
  4. Rescission review and drafting of documents for notice and recording
  5. COMBO Title and Securitization Review
  6. Expert witness declarations and testimony
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THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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Like many other cases, current trial court decisions are getting reversed because the courts are waking up to the reality of the rule of law. What they have been following is an off the books rule of “anything but a free house.” A recent Yale Law Review Article eviscerates the assumptions of a free house for the homeowners and destroys the myth that somehow that policy has saved the nation.
The Trial Judges are making the assumption that there is an underlying debt and an underlying liability of the homeowner to make a payment to the parties in litigation even if the paperwork was found to be defective. Or worse, they are disregarding the rule of law altogether and ruling for the banks and servicers because of policy reasoning (a province exclusively reserved to the legislative branch of government and excluded from the judicial branch).

The key legal analysis goes back to basic contract law pounded into our heads in the first year of law school, to wit: the note is not the debt, it is evidence of the debt.” So if there is no debt and the homeowner challenges on that basis, the homeowner SHOULD win every time. The mistake made by pro se litigants and lawyers alike is that they cannot conceive of the notion of “there is no debt.” That’s because they don’t complete the sentence, to wit: There is no debt owed to the beneficiary or claimed beneficiary on the deed of trust (non judicial states) or there is no debt owed to the mortgagee or claimed mortgagee named in the mortgage.”

Basic contract law: an enforceable contract must contain three elements and a hidden fourth element. The three key elements without which there can be no enforcement are OFFER, ACCEPTANCE AND CONSIDERATION. The hidden fourth element is that contracts in violation of public policy are void.

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In nearly all cases where there are claims of securitization and most where no such claims are brought forward (but still exist) they are missing consideration (i.e., PAYMENT) from the origination and/or acquisition of the loan. The DEBT was never created in favor of the party receiving documents.
The documents, including the note refer to a transaction in which the originator loaned money to the homeowner. This is nearly always NOT true. And the contract, even if it existed, is part of a larger plot to defraud both the borrowers and the investors in which the originators, brokers, servicers, Master Servicers and Trusts are the fraudsters.
*
These cases thus involve contracts to violate both laws and public policy — particularly those in which prior agreement is executed in which the parties to agree to create table funded loans as a pattern and practice — something which REG Z clearly says is PREDATORY PER SE.
Either predatory or predatory per se mean something or they don’t. But if they mean anything they set the bar such that parties who violate this provision cannot claim “clean hands.” And if the court of equity is being asked by the violators for the equitable remedy of foreclosure sale based upon, at best, dubious documentation (without proof of the debt or who owns the debt) then the availability of foreclosure should be barred.

Lawyers must meet this challenge head-on and stop pussy footing around. If the alleged loan was table funded, then there was never any completed loan contract. If the money came from a third party, then that third party has the right to the note and mortgage — if the note and mortgage are executed in favor of that third party or if the “originator” was in privity with the third party through contract. There is no other way.

BUT if the identified third party was just a conduit for a source of funds outside the circle of the originator and the party through whom the funds were sourced, then the homeowner owes the DEBT to someone else. What Wall Street banks did in its simplest form is to relieve the investors of money in such a way that the investors would see very little of it ever returned because the Wall Street banks had reached for and grabbed the holy grail of finance — selling financing for nonexistent entities and keeping the proceeds.

And the same logic then applies. If the FOURTH party was somehow in privity (contract) with the originator then the homeowner owes the debt to that fourth party. BUT unless the note and mortgage are properly delivered and executed in favor of the fourth party, neither the fourth party nor any agent or “servicer” for the fourth party can claim rights under the note and mortgage which should never have been released, delivered or recorded in the first place.

In short, without BOTH the money trial and the paper trail being synchronized there is no loan contract. And that means there is no valid note or mortgage which are then VOID ab initio. Can the real source of funds collect? Yes of course, but they do not own a claim that is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust. And they cannot use the note as direct evidence of the debt. This has always been the law. Ironically, nearly all “borrowers” would gladly execute notes and mortgages with the real investors that would be fully enforceable and would represent workouts that would protect both the investor and the borrower. But in order to do that, the banks and servicers in the false securitization industry must be benched and a new group of entities employed directly by investors must arise.

*

As stated in the recent Yale Law Review article, document defects do not occur as a result of any action or fault of the alleged borrower and there is no reason not to apply the rule of law to any situation, much less one in which a party can lose their personal residence.

The theory of anything except a free house for the homeowner is full of holes that are amply challenged in the Yale Law Review article. As the authors point out, the trial judges may think they are saving the financial system, the economy and our society from disintegration, but in truth they are undermining all three.

See Yale-In Defense of Free Houses 2016 03 23

Another Sham: The Sudden Rise of Powers of Attorney in Foreclosure Cases

The entire foreclosure mess has been predicated upon one huge false premise — that by fabricating reams of paper, each one tied to the other or apparently tied to others, rights are suddenly created where none existed. This has never been the law but it suddenly has become the underpinning of most decisions in favor of banks and servicers who are strangers to the transactions upon which they are making claims.

WE HAVE REVAMPED OUR SERVICE OFFERINGS TO MEET THE REQUESTS OF LAWYERS AND HOMEOWNERS. This is not an offer for legal representation. In order to make it easier to serve you and get better results please take a moment to fill out our FREE registration formhttps://fs20.formsite.com/ngarfield/form271773666/index.html?1453992450583 
Our services consist mainly of the following:
  1. 30 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  2. 60 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  3. Case review and analysis
  4. Rescission review and drafting of documents for notice and recording
  5. COMBO Title and Securitization Review
  6. Expert witness declarations and testimony
  7. Consultant to attorneys representing homeowners
  8. Books and Manuals authored by Neil Garfield are also available, plus video seminars on DVD.
For further information please call 954-495-9867 or 520-405-1688. You also may fill out our Registration form which, upon submission, will automatically be sent to us. That form can be found at https://fs20.formsite.com/ngarfield/form271773666/index.html?1452614114632. By filling out this form you will be allowing us to see your current status. If you call or email us at neilfgarfield@hotmail.com your question or request for service can then be answered more easily.
================================

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

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Just want to point out that the reason why they are using a Power of Attorney (POA) instead of a servicing agreement is that the servicing rights are retained by the Master Servicer and sometimes even the subservicer. While the POA might appear to grant full authority it is missing the servicing functions including accounting for borrower payments and payments to the “investor(s)”. Especially when you add the element of entries made at or near the time of the transaction. This is another reason why homeowners who are alleged borrowers should be able to look at those transactions and see if the “business record” is correct. Once again we come back to discovery as the essential time to bring this up.

All of this makes it impossible for the latest entity to legally receive an application for modification. When you scratch the surface and actually ask the question the answer is always the same — that the “corporate representative” of the latest entity in the game of musical chairs can neither offer nor accept any modification and in fact is there purely for the purpose of getting the foreclosure judgment and forced sale of the property — an event that puts a judges order and a court clerk’s certificate on top what is in actuality a pile of empty, worthless paper.
The inability and/or unwillingness of the Plaintiff or its newest “attorney in fact” to show the actual money trail and actual deposits and disbursements, is a key factor in showing that other documents upon which the  banks and servicing are relying (using legal presumptions to fake their way through the process) are now suspect and thus not deserving of the application of the legal presumptions that ordinarily would apply to facially valid or recorded documents.
Remember the newest entity supplying records is NOT the Plaintiff. Judges tend to treat them as though they w ere the Plaintiff. This element of distraction by the lawyers for the banks and servicers has served them well. The Judge treats the newest entity as the Plaintiff when in fact they are not alleged to be holder, owner or have any interest or authority at all. And for good measure let’s not forget that the newest entity has no authority and possesses no “business records” (as an exception tot he hearsay rules of evidence) if it claims authority from an entity that has no power to give such authority. The entire foreclosure mess has been predicated upon one huge false premise — that by fabricating reams of paper, each one tied to the other or apparently tied to others, rights are suddenly created where none existed. This has never been the law but it suddenly has become the underpinning of most decisions in favor of banks and servicers who are strangers to the transactions upon which they are making claims.
The bottom line is that the party charged with enforcement is not a servicer but rather an enforcer. As an enforcer and since they do not have all the rights, obligations etc of a Master Servicer or subservicer, can their business records still be admissible? If they are only the enforcer and they are relying upon their stringent audit of the business records, that sounds more like a fact witness or even an expert witness than a party who has actual authority to service the loan.

The issue becomes split. The new entity that is not a servicer and therefore not charged with servicing duties, should not be able to claim that it has authority to bring the action in the name of another entity. The servicer clearly could but the attorney in fact is really a material witness whose sole function is to testify about the business records. The assumption is made that as the successor to prior alleged servicers, they can claim a chain of custody. But a company that in actuality is there for e the sole purpose of getting “business” records” into evidence is a fact witness who deserves no more presumptive credibility than any other witness.

The “servicer” claim by way of a POA is therefore a sham.

2014 Dissent Spells Out reasons for Rejecting Presumptions and Assumptions

Justice Rubin correctly anticipates the birth of a new black market industry — stealing debts as part of a larger scheme of stealing money.

In the context of an industry already using dubious tactics to collect on debts they have acquired, the prevailing notions in the minds of most judges allows for the question “Why buy the debts when you can just steal them?”

=================================
WE HAVE REVAMPED OUR SERVICE OFFERINGS TO MEET THE REQUESTS OF LAWYERS AND HOMEOWNERS. This is not an offer for legal representation. In order to make it easier to serve you and get better results please take a moment to fill out our FREE registration form https://fs20.formsite.com/ngarfield/form271773666/index.html?1453992450583 
Our services consist mainly of the following:
  1. 30 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  2. 60 minute Consult — expert for lay people, legal for attorneys
  3. Case review and analysis
  4. Rescission review and drafting of documents for notice and recording
  5. COMBO Title and Securitization Review
  6. Expert witness declarations and testimony
  7. Consultant to attorneys representing homeowners
  8. Books and Manuals authored by Neil Garfield are also available, plus video seminars on DVD.
For further information please call 954-495-9867 or 520-405-1688. You also may fill out our Registration form which, upon submission, will automatically be sent to us. That form can be found at https://fs20.formsite.com/ngarfield/form271773666/index.html?1452614114632. By filling out this form you will be allowing us to see your current status. If you call or email us at neilfgarfield@hotmail.com your question or request for service can then be answered more easily.
================================

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS NOT A LEGAL OPINION UPON WHICH YOU CAN RELY IN ANY INDIVIDUAL CASE. HIRE A LAWYER.

———————–

see Justice Rubin CA Dissent

Hat tip to Eric Mains

As a result of my articles on legal presumptions and the havoc they are causing in creating faulty precedent instead of following precedent, Eric Mains found the above Case decision in California. I agree with Eric. The dissent neatly explains why the assumptions and presumptions currently in use are not being applied properly and are resulting in a body of law that has opened the door to unlimited moral hazard. Justice Rubin correctly anticipates the birth of a new black market industry — stealing debts as part of a larger scheme of stealing money.

Indeed there is ample evidence of the spread of imposters who are, under existing law, issuing self serving proclamations that they own consumer debts. Consumers, having no information about what and who manages their debts, will often concede the debt and concede that the debt is owed to the party who proclaimed ownership. And it all comes from a notion that never should have been allowed into American jurisprudence in the first place, to wit: a debtor may not challenge a party who claims to be his/her creditor. Discovery need not be allowed and proof need not be offered as to the veracity of the claims by “strangers” to the debt.

The underlying assumption is that since the debtor owes someone, ANYONE can enforce it. The theory advanced by courts is that the debtor/borrower/consumer has no standing to challenge the self proclamation. The theory advanced by courts is based upon the assumption that even if the debtor is right, it makes no difference to the debtor. The harm, if any, is to someone else who is the real creditor. The remedy can be worked out between the claimant and the real creditor.

The underlying assumption is incredibly based upon the assumption and presumption that the claimants are still acting in good faith and not acting as thieves. This is odd in view of the dozens of cases in which the self proclaimed participants in the securitization of debt have been shown to have committed forgery, fabrication, back-dating, robo-signing in what appears to be a majority of alleged loans to alleged borrowers that are subject to what now is obviously false claims of securitization. None of it is true.

This underlying assumption of good faith is contrary to the facts. It is wrong. And what Justice Rubin seeks to present is simply that any such claimant should prove their status and not be presumed to be a creditor just because they said so. As he puts it, either they are the creditor or they are not. It is an easy task and always has been an easy task to prove ownership of a debt. The fact that the banks have fought so hard to get courts to accept their assertions of ownership and authority just because the bank said so, should in and of itself have raised multiple red flags.  Justice Rubin conceeds that, ” I suspect that creditor-beneficiaries and their trustees do not want to be forced to prove they own a homeowner’s debt and have authority to foreclose because it is now well understood that in too many cases they can’t prove their ownership and authority. I am not prejudging the facts in this case, for that is why we have discovery and a trial.”

And the other underlying assumption is that there is no harm to the debtor who is obviously faced with multiple liability on the same debt, an inability to seek reinstatement, modification or settlement with the real creditor, and a bar to the legitimate defenses in state court, Federal Court and bankruptcy court. The courts routinely order the false creditor and the debtor into mediation. The debtor is forced to either reject a settlement with an unauthorized party and thus lose his or her home or to execute modification agreements that are not worth the paper on which they are written.

Trial courts across the land are still statistically more likely than not to adopt this pattern of abuse of due process. Courts are created to provide a fair forum in which the parties can be heard without presumptions of guilt of those accused of criminal or civil acts that cause harm to society or specific victims. The burden has always been on the accuser or the claimant — until now. For the past 10 years the court system has evaded, avoided, and ignored the reality expressed by claims of the debtor, the proof in court that the self proclaimed enforcing parties were unauthorized strangers — all because the judges started off with the wrong premise when there should have been no premise at all.

The necessity perceived by court administrators was also an incorrect presumption. Had the judges continued processing foreclosures the way they always did it would have resulted in virtually all of the foreclosures being denied. Or, to be fair, it would have resulted in all of the foreclosures being granted because there was nothing wrong. All evidence clearly shows a pattern of conduct of illegal, fraudulent activities in virtually all foreclosures over the past 10 years.

Had the court administrators merely kept to their current systems one of two results would have been clear: (1) the claimants were perpetrating a fraud or (2) the homeowners were putting up false defenses  for the purposes of delay. Either way, there would not have been a glut of foreclosure litigation. Either it would have been obvious that the enforcement claims were bogus thus eliminating the claims, or the defenses would have been revealed as frivolous, thus eliminating the defenses.

Instead the defenses of homeowners were routinely ignored and their lawyers were reprimanded and threatened by judges who believed that their presumptions were proper and that the lawyers were merely hairsplitting to “get a free house.” Experience now shows that these defenses are being upheld in an increasing number of cases and that judges following the the rule of accepting self serving statements from banks and servicers are now being reversed in an increasing number of cases.”

The conclusion to be drawn from these decisions has yet to be enunciated by a majority on the bench with the clarity expressed in Justice Rubin’s dissent.  He admits that, ” The reason I point out the omission is to highlight the difficulty of learning from tangled paper trails “who, what, where, when, and how” in mortgage cases involving lender documents that are sometimes – take your pick – incomplete, lost, inaccurate, post-dated, altered, robosigned, or created after the fact….”  It doesn’t have to be this difficult.  Again, like the Judge opines, ” Chase either had the authority to act when it submitted a credit bid to foreclose on appellants’ home despite having sold appellants’ promissory note to Freddie Mac – and has the evidence to prove it – or it did not. (See Civ. Code, § 2924h, subd.(b) [the “present beneficiary” may credit bid at trustee’s sale].) It really is a simple matter. Is that too much to ask when people are losing their homes? ” 

The glut of claims on mortgage foreclosures caused the judicial system to switch into an emergency mode. In so doing they skipped over the elements of fraud, due process and moral hazard in favor of “processing” the claims as quickly as possible rather than determining if the claims had any validity.

In the context of an industry already using dubious tactics to collect on debts they have acquired, the prevailing notions in the minds of most judges allows for the question “Why buy the debts when you can just steal them?”

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